AGU is governed by a partnership of members and staff. The strategic plan, developed by members and other stakeholders in 2010, sets the direction and drives the work of AGU. The Board of Directors is responsible for business, organizational and legal affairs of AGU. The Council, consisting of leaders who represent the broad spectrum of AGU members, oversees the scientific affairs of AGU. AGU staff manage the day-to-day aspects of the organization, partnering with the Board and Council to advance and implement the strategic plan. Members who volunteer on committees or task forces, or who serve as editors and reviewers, or who participate in meeting presentations and posters, all play a vital role in strengthening AGU for the future.
The primary leaders of AGU are the AGU President , who chairs the Board; the AGU President-elect, who chairs the Council; and the Executive Director/CEO who leads the staff. All three participate in Board and Council meetings to ensure consistency, continuity and communication.